GHG Scopes 101:
Scope 1: Direct Greenhouse (GHG) Emissions
Scope 1 emissions are direct emissions from company-owned and controlled resources. In other words, emissions released into the atmosphere as a direct result of a set of activities at a firm level. This will include all the emissions from the activities of an organization or under their control, such as fuel burned in owned or controlled boilers, furnaces, and vehicles, and emissions from chemical production in owned or controlled process equipment. All fuels that produce GHG emissions must be included in Scope 1.
is all vehicles owned or controlled by a firm, burning fuel (e.g. car, vans, trucks). The increasing use of “electric” vehicles (EVs), means that some of the organization’s fleets could fall into Scope 2 emissions.
are leaks from greenhouse gases (e.g. refrigeration, air conditioning units). It is important to note that refrigerant gases are a thousand times more dangerous than CO2 emissions.
are released during industrial processes and on-site manufacturing (e.g., production of CO2 during cement manufacturing, factory fumes, chemicals).
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